Configure ASA AnyConnect VPN with Hideez Enterprise Server through SAML
Hideez Enterprise Server – Configure ASA AnyConnect VPN with Hideez Enterprise Server through SAML
Introduction
This document describes how to configure Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) with a focus on Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) AnyConnect through Hideez Enterprise Server.
Hideez Enterprise Server (HES) supports SAML 2.0 (Security Assertion Markup Language) standard for user authentication. HES is an IdP (Identity Provider) that enables SSO for all web applications (SP, Service Provider) supporting SAML.
Since HES supports FIDO2 passwordless authorization, service providers automatically get the ability to authorize with hardware security keys without having to create and enter passwords.
Prerequisites
Requirements
Cisco recommends that you have knowledge of these topics:
  • Basic knowledge of RA VPN configuration on ASA.
  • Basic knowledge of SAML and Microsoft Active Directory.
  • AnyConnect Licenses enabled (APEX or VPN-Only).
Components Used
The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:
  • Hideez Enterprise Server 3.9+
  • Microsoft Active Directory.
  • Cisco ASA 9.7+ and Anyconnect 4.6+
  • Working AnyConnect VPN profile
The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, ensure that you understand the potential impact of any command. You can also map users to specific application roles based on rules you define in your setting in Active Directory, Cisco ASA and Anyconnect.
Background Information
SAML is an XML-based framework for exchanging authentication and authorization data between security domains. It creates a circle of trust between the user, a Service Provider (SP), and an Identity Provider (IdP) which allows the user to sign in a single time for multiple services. Hideez Enterprise Server seamlessly integrates with Cisco ASA VPN appliance to provide additional security for the Cisco AnyConnect VPN logins.
SAML Components
Metadata: It is an XML based document that ensures a secure transaction between an IdP and an SP. It allows the IdP and SP to negotiate agreements.
Roles supported by the devices (IdP, SP)
A device may support more than one role and could contain values for both an SP and an IdP. Under the EntityDescriptor field is an IDPSSODescriptor if the information contained is for a Single Sign-On IdP or a SPSSODescriptor if the information contained is for a Single Sign-On SP. This is important since the correct values must be taken from the appropriate sections in order to set up SAML successfully.
Entity ID: This field is a unique identifier for an SP or an IdP. A single device might have several services and can use different Entity IDs to differentiate them. For example, ASA has different Entity IDs for different tunnel-groups that need to be authenticated. An IdP authenticating each tunnel-group has separate Entity ID entries for each tunnel-group in order to accurately identify those services.
ASA can support multiple IdPs and has a separate entity ID for each IdP to differentiate them. If either side receives a message from a device that does not contain an entity ID that has been previously configured, the device likely drops this message, and SAML authentication fails. The Entity ID can be found within the EntityDescriptor field beside entityID.
Service URLs: These define the URL to a SAML service provided by the SP or IdP. For IdPs, this is most commonly the Single Logout Service and Single Sign-On Service. For SPs, this is commonly the Assertion Consumer Service and the Single Logout Service.
The Single Sign-On Service URL found in the IdP metadata is used by the SP to redirect the user to the IdP for authentication. If this value is incorrectly configured, the IdP does not receive or is unable to successfully process the Authentication request sent by the SP.
The Assertion Consumer Service URL found in the SP metadata is used by the IdP to redirect the user back to the SP and provide information about the user's authentication attempt. If this is configured incorrectly, the SP does not receive the assertion (the response) or is unable to successfully process it.
The Single Logout Service URL can be found on both the SP and the IdP. It is used to facilitate logging out of all SSO services from the SP and is optional on the ASA. When the SLO service URL from the IdP metadata is configured on the SP, when the user logs out of the service on the SP, the SP sends the request to the IdP. Once the IdP has successfully logged the user out of the services, it redirects the user back to the SP using the SLO service URL found within the SP’s metadata.
SAML Bindings for Service URLs: Bindings are the method the SP uses to transfer information to the IdP and vice versa for services. This includes HTTP Redirect, HTTP POST, and Artifact. Each method has a different way of transferring data. The binding method supported by the service is included within the definition of that service. For example: SingleSignOnService Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect" Location="https://saml.example.com/simplesaml/saml2/idp/SSOService.php"/ >. The ASA does not support the Artifact binding. ASA always uses the HTTP Redirect method for SAML authentication requests, so it is important to choose the SSO Service URL that uses the HTTP Redirect binding so that the IdP expects this.
Certificates for Signature and Encryption Operations
To provide confidentiality and integrity for the messages sent between the SP and the IdP, SAML includes the ability to encrypt and sign the data. The certificate used to encrypt and/or sign the data can be included within the metadata so that the receiving end can verify the SAML message and ensure that it comes from the expected source. The certificates used for signing and encryption can be found within the metadata under KeyDescriptor use="signing" and KeyDescriptor use="encryption", respectively, then X509Certificate. The ASA does not support encrypting SAML messages.
Network Diagram

Configure HES as an IdP

Step 1. Set Identity Provider settings

IdPs and service providers must exchange public key certificates, addresses for requests, and other parameters to establish an acceptance between them.
A certificate in the “.pfx” ​​format is necessary for the work of the SAML protocol. It can be generated, for example, through an OpenSSL application or by using an existing certificate. The certificate file must be copied to the HES server (e.g. the folder with binary files and settings).
Login to the HES server, then go to Settings -> Parameters -> SAML. Then press [Set IdP Settings] button:
Select your .pfx file and enter the password for the .pfx. Also you need to select appropriate algorithm:
SignatureAlgorithm - a signature algorithm. It should match the algorithm with which the pfx certificate was established. The possible options are SHA1, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512.

Step 2. Get HES Metadata File

On the same page (Settings -> Parameters -> SAML), after you have set the .pfx certificate you can:
· View metadata · Download metadata · Download the public key certificate
Metadata is an XML file that contains all the necessary information about the IdP settings and the public key certificate. ASA allows you to import IdP metadata when configuring SAML, which simplifies the configuration. You can also download a separate certificate, if necessary, or view all metadata on the screen.
For the next steps you need to download the metadata file and certificate files.

Configure ASA for SAML via CLI

Step 1. Create a Trustpoint and import our SAML certificate

# config t
# crypto ca trustpoint HES-SAML
revocation-check none
no id-usage
enrollment terminal
no ca-check
# crypto ca authenticate HES-SAML
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
HES IdP Certificate Text you downloaded on the previous step.
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
# quit

Step 2. Provision your SAML IdP

# webvpn
# saml idp https://example.hideez.com/
# url sign-in https://example.hideez.com/Saml/Login
# url sign-out https://example.hideez.com/Saml/Logout
# trustpoint idp HES-SAML - [IdP Trustpoint]
# trustpoint sp ASA-EXTERNAL-CERT - [SP Trustpoint]
# no force re-authentication
# no signature
# base-url https://asa.example.com

Step 3. Apply SAML Authentication to a VPN Tunnel Configuration

# tunnel-group TUNNEL-GROUP-NAME webvpn-attributes
saml identity-provider https://example.hideez.com/
authentication saml
# end
# write memory

Step 4. Get SAML ASA Metadata FIle

Run the following command:
# show saml metadata TUNNEL-GROUP-NAME
Then copy metadata text into a xml file and save it.
Note: If you make changes to the IdP config you need to remove the saml identity-provider config from your Tunnel Group and re-apply it for the changes to become effective.

Add the Service Provider to HES

Login to the HES server, then go to Settings -> Parameters -> SAML. Then press the [Add Service Provider] button.
On the following form you can add a metadata file or fill all parameters manually:
  • Issuer - a unique SP name you need to copy from the SP settings or extract from the metadata file.
  • Assertion Consumer Service - the login address on the side of the service provider. Redirection is done to this address following the successful login through the IdP service.
  • Single Logout Service - the address to log out of the account. If you exit IdP, this URL is opened in the loop for all SPs.
  • Public x509 Certificate - the public key certificate of the service provider.
  • Name Identifier Format - the format for the field that identifies the user.
  • Name Identifier Field - the choice of the field where you can take the user identifier.
Since the IdP and the SP can use different identifiers for users, a mechanism for matching these identifiers is needed to establish a one-to-one correspondence between users in both services. The user identifier (login) in HES is his email, although it can be something else in other systems (e.g. a combination of the user's first and last name).
If your ASA and AD configuration accepts email as a user ID, you need to set:
Name Identifier Format - Email Name Identifier Field - Email
If the ASA and AD configuration do not accept email as a user ID, you need to set the format that you use in the 'Name Identifier Format' field, and the value 'External ID' in the 'Name Identifier' field. Then you need to fill in the 'External ID' field for each employee. To do this, click Employees -> 'Select an employee -> Details -> Edit settings (in the Single Sign On section) -> Edit the External ID.
After filling in and saving all the settings, you can check the integration by logging into the service provider. You should be redirected to the HES authentication page where you will need to enter your username (email) and pass the security key verification.

Final Verification

Step 1. Enable SSO for a user in the HES

Employees cannot log into the HES service and use the SSO service by default, they must have an explicit permission of the administrator. Select an employee and click the [Edit] button. Then click the [Enable SSO] button at the opened page to give the permission.
Note: An employee must have an email and an associated key to activate the SSO service.
The SSO service is automatically enabled and cannot be deactivated for all HES administrators.
If External ID is used as the Name Identifier Field, you have to fill in this field as well. Open 'Employees' -> 'Select an employee' -> 'Edit' to edit the External ID field.
Some service providers may not support this functionality.

Step 2. Logon to a web service using SAML

Connect to your VPN URL and choose one of your sign-in options in the Hideez Enterprise Server window, then use your credentials to Sign In:
AnyConnect is Connected:

Common Issues

Entity ID Mismatch

Debug Example:
[SAML] consume_assertion: The identifier of a provider is unknown to #LassoServer. In order to register a provider in a #LassoServer object, you must use the methods lasso_server_add_provider() or lasso_server_add_provider_from_buffer().
Problem: Generally means that saml idp [entityID] command under the ASA's webvpn configuration does not match the IdP Entity ID found in the IdP’s metadata.
Solution: Check the entity ID of the IdP’s metadata file and change the saml idp [entity id] command to match this.

Time Mismatch

Debug Example:
[SAML] NotBefore:2017-09-05T23:59:01.896Z NotOnOrAfter:2017-09-06T00:59:01.896Z timeout: 0
[SAML] consume_assertion: assertion is expired or not valid
Problem 1. ASA time is not synced with IdP’s time.
Solution 1. Configure ASA with the same NTP server used by IdP.
Problem 2. The assertion is not valid between the specified time.
Solution 2. Modify the timeout value configured on the ASA.

Wrong IdP Signing Certificate Used

Debug Example:
[Lasso] func=xmlSecOpenSSLEvpSignatureVerify:file=signatures.c:line=493:obj=rsa-sha1:subj=EVP_VerifyFinal:error=18:data do not match:signature do not match
[SAML] consume_assertion: The profile cannot verify a signature on the message
Problem: ASA not able to verify the message signed by the IdP or there is no signature for the ASA to verify.
Solution: Check the IdP signing certificate installed on the ASA to make sure it matches what is sent by the IdP. If this is confirmed, make sure that the signature is included in the SAML response.

Invalid Assertion Audience

Debug Example:
[SAML] consume_assertion: assertion audience is invalid
Problem: IdP is defining the incorrect audience.
Solution: Correct the Audience configuration on the IdP. It should match the ASA’s Entity ID.

Wrong URL for Assertion Consumer Service

Example Debug: Unable to receive any debugs after the initial authentication request is sent. The user is able to enter credentials at IdP but IdP does not redirect to ASA.
Problem: IdP is configured for the wrong Assertion Consumer Service URL.
Solution(s): Check base URL in configuration and make sure it is correct. Check ASA metadata with show to make sure that the Assertion Consumer Service URL is correct. In order to test it, browse it, if both are correct on the ASA, check the IdP to make sure that the URL is correct.

SAML Configuration Changes Not Taking Effect

Example: After a single sign-on URL is modified or changed, the SP certificate, SAML still does not work and sends previous configurations.
Problem: ASA needs to regenerate it's metadata when there is a configuration change that affects it. It does not do this automatically.
Solution: After making changes, under the affected tunnel-group remove and re-apply the saml idp [entity-id] command.
Troubleshoot
Most SAML troubleshoots involve a misconfiguration that can be found when the SAML configuration is checked or debugs are run. debug webvpn saml 255 can be used to troubleshoot most issues, however in scenarios where this debug does not provide useful information, additional debugs can be run:
debug webvpn saml 255
debug webvpn 255
debug webvpn session 255
debug webvpn request 255